About the United Republic of Tanzania
The United Republic of Tanzania was formed out of the union of two sovereign states namely Tanganyika and Zanzibar.
- Tanganyika became a sovereign state on 9th December, 1961 and became a Republic the following year under the leadership of His Excellency Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere.
- Zanzibar received its independence from the United Kingdom on December 19, 1963, as a constitutional monarchy under the sultan. On January 12, 1964, the African majority revolted against the sultan and a new government was formed with the ASP leader, His Excelency Abeid Aman Karume, as President of Zanzibar and Chairman of the Revolutionary Council. Under the terms of its political union with Tanganyika in April 1964, the Zanzibar Government retained considerable local autonomy.
The two Sovereign Republics formed the United Republic of Tanzania on 26th April, 1964. However, the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania is a unitary republic consisting of the Union Government and the Zanzibar Revolutionary Government.
In mid-1970’s the United Republic of Tanzania introduced a one party system that came to an end in 1992 following the re-introduction of the multi-party system. The first multi-party general election was held in 1995.
Tanzania Mission to the UN
Tanzania became a member of the United Nations on 14th December 1961. It should be however noted that Tanganyika was a member of the United Nations from 14 December 1961 and Zanzibar was a Member from 16 December 1963. Following the ratification on 26 April 1964 of Articles of Union between Tanganyika and Zanzibar, the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar continued as a single member, changing its name to the United Republic of Tanzania on 1 November 1964.
The United Republic of Tanzania participates in the following principal organs of the United Nations:
- General Assembly
- Security Council
- Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)
Our primary goal is to represent our country’s position and to promote our objectives within the United Nations bodies. In addition we are also charged with the implementation of Tanzania’s Foreign Policy.
Tanzania’s Foreign Policy manifests itself in active international engagement. Our foreign policy is based on the following principles:
- Safeguarding the principles of sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of the United Republic of Tanzania
- Defense of freedom, justice, human rights, equality and democracy
- Promotion of good neighborliness
- Promotion of African Unity
- Promotion of deeper economic cooperation with our development partners
- Support for the practice of the policy of non-alignment and South-South Cooperation
- Support for the UN in its search for international economic development, peace and security
- Support for the struggles against colonialism, racism and neo-colonialism
- Support for the oppressed people in the world
- Promotion of the respect for the principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of other states
The United Republic of Tanzania has been a member in the following United Nations organizations:
- United Nation Environment Programme (UNEP) 2004-2007
- United Nations High Commission for Refugee (UNHCR)
- World Food Programme (WFP)
- United Nations Educational
- Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 2001-2005
- International Telecommunication Union (ITU) 2002-2006
- World Meteorological Organization (WMO) 2002-2006
- United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) 1976-1979, 1991-1994
- United Nations Development Program (UNDP) 1998-2000
- Global Environment Facility (GEF) 1996
- International Labour Organization (ILO) 1975-1978, 1987-1990, 1999-2000
- Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) 1969-1971, 1979-1982,1985-1988, 1991-1993
- United Nations Human Settlement Programme (UN-HABITAT) 2001-2004
- World Health Organization (WHO) 1975-1978, 1993-1996
- International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) 1977-1980, 1983-1995
- Universal Postal Union (UPU) 1989-1999
- United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) December 2003
- International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) March 2004
- International Development Association (IDA) May 2004
- International Finance Corporation (IFC) March 2004
- International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) 1978-1980
The Permanent Mission of the United Republic of Tanzania to the United Nations in New York is located in midtown NYC, a few blocks from the United Nations.
The office is open from 9am to 5pm Monday to Friday. The office is closed on Official Tanzania National Holidays and American National Holidays.
Visa office is open from 9:30 am to 1 pm ONLY
Address: 307 E 53rd St, New York, NY 10022
Phone: +1 212-697-3612
Fax: +1 212-697-3618
Tanzania at the UN
The General Assembly is made up of 193 Member States (including the United Republic of Tanzania). The United Republic of Tanzania participates actively in the plenary meetings and all six main committees of the General Assembly. The six main committees of the General Assembly are:
- First Committee – Disarmament and International Security Matters;
- Second Committee – Economic and Financial Matters;
- Third Committee – Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Matters;
- Fourth Committee – Special Political and Decolonization Affairs;
- Fifth Committee – Administrative and Budgetary;
- Sixth Committee – Legal Affairs.
The General Assembly is chaired by a President who presides over a session to which he is elected. Tanzania has had one Presidency. Dr. Salim A. Salim held the Presidency in the General Assembly on the following occasions:
- 34th Regular session 1979-1980
- 6th Emergency session January 1980 on the situation in Afghanistan
- 7th Emergency session July 1980 on the question of Palestine
- 11th Special session on Critical Economic Situation of many developing countries
Click here to view Statement by H.E. Dr. Augustine P. Mahiga, Former Permanent Representative of the United Republic of Tanzania to the United Nations at the Substantive Session of the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations(C-34) New York, 23 February 2010
The Security Council has 15 members. The United Nations Charter designates 5 States as permanent members and the General Assembly elects 10 other members for two-year terms as non-permanent members. United Republic of Tanzania is currently a member of the Security Council having been elected by the General Assembly in October 2004. The term started on January 1st 2005 and will end on December 31st 2006. The United Republic of Tanzania was a member of the Security Council for the first time in 1975 to 1976.
The United Republic of Tanzania decided to contest for the current Security Council seat for the following main reasons:
- The issues on the agenda are relevant and of concern to Tanzania’s Foreign Policy.
- To participate and influence the Security Council in advancing the peace processes with which Tanzania is already involved in its immediate neighbourhood-Burundi, Rwanda, the DRC and the Great Lakes Region as a whole.
- To seize the opportunity, on behalf of Africa, to forge and strengthen regional cooperation and partnership with the United Nations in the areas of conflict prevention, mitigation, management and resolution; to enhance institutional cooperation between the United Nations Security Council and the newly reconstructed African Union Peace and Security Council.
- To participate in the critical reform debate of the General Assembly and the Security Council itself, to rescue and strengthen multilateralism and collective security at this critical time when the foundation of the Organization and its Charter are facing new challenges from new threats and unilateral tendencies in global politics.
- To capitalize on the high profile status of being a member of the Council to develop and strengthen bilateral relations with all members of the UN consistent with the foreign policy priorities and national interests of Tanzania.
- A response to the urging and encouragement of members of regional groups to which Tanzania belongs, namely Southern African Developing Countries (SADC), the Eastern Africa sub-region and the African Union (AU)
The Permanent Mission of the United Republic of Tanzania to the United Nations takes an active part in the Security Council issues including those on Thematic Debates.