Tanzania at the UN
The General Assembly is made up of 193 Member States (including the United Republic of Tanzania). The United Republic of Tanzania participates actively in the plenary meetings and all six main committees of the General Assembly. The six main committees of the General Assembly are:
- First Committee – Disarmament and International Security Matters;
- Second Committee – Economic and Financial Matters;
- Third Committee – Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Matters;
- Fourth Committee – Special Political and Decolonization Affairs;
- Fifth Committee – Administrative and Budgetary;
- Sixth Committee – Legal Affairs.
The General Assembly is chaired by a President who presides over a session to which he is elected. Tanzania has had one Presidency. Dr. Salim A. Salim held the Presidency in the General Assembly on the following occasions:
- 34th Regular session 1979-1980
- 6th Emergency session January 1980 on the situation in Afghanistan
- 7th Emergency session July 1980 on the question of Palestine
- 11th Special session on Critical Economic Situation of many developing countries
Click here to view Statement by H.E. Dr. Augustine P. Mahiga, Former Permanent Representative of the United Republic of Tanzania to the United Nations at the Substantive Session of the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations(C-34) New York, 23 February 2010
The Security Council has 15 members. The United Nations Charter designates 5 States as permanent members and the General Assembly elects 10 other members for two-year terms as non-permanent members. United Republic of Tanzania is currently a member of the Security Council having been elected by the General Assembly in October 2004. The term started on January 1st 2005 and will end on December 31st 2006. The United Republic of Tanzania was a member of the Security Council for the first time in 1975 to 1976.
The United Republic of Tanzania decided to contest for the current Security Council seat for the following main reasons:
- The issues on the agenda are relevant and of concern to Tanzania’s Foreign Policy.
- To participate and influence the Security Council in advancing the peace processes with which Tanzania is already involved in its immediate neighbourhood-Burundi, Rwanda, the DRC and the Great Lakes Region as a whole.
- To seize the opportunity, on behalf of Africa, to forge and strengthen regional cooperation and partnership with the United Nations in the areas of conflict prevention, mitigation, management and resolution; to enhance institutional cooperation between the United Nations Security Council and the newly reconstructed African Union Peace and Security Council.
- To participate in the critical reform debate of the General Assembly and the Security Council itself, to rescue and strengthen multilateralism and collective security at this critical time when the foundation of the Organization and its Charter are facing new challenges from new threats and unilateral tendencies in global politics.
- To capitalize on the high profile status of being a member of the Council to develop and strengthen bilateral relations with all members of the UN consistent with the foreign policy priorities and national interests of Tanzania.
- A response to the urging and encouragement of members of regional groups to which Tanzania belongs, namely Southern African Developing Countries (SADC), the Eastern Africa sub-region and the African Union (AU)
The Permanent Mission of the United Republic of Tanzania to the United Nations takes an active part in the Security Council issues including those on Thematic Debates.